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6/25/2021 4:47:04 AM

Texting, Sexting and the World of Teen Technology

10/12/2017

Note: Free parent resource at the end of this blog post. ;)

Earlier this year I had the privilege of attending a workshop on the legal aspects of Teen Sexting led by Molly-Catherine K. Goodson, M.A., ESQ. Here are some interesting highlights:

What is Sexting?

Sexting is the act of sending and receiving sexually explicit messages and phones (nude or semi-nude) via cell phone or other electronic devices.

What are the consequences teen sexting?

Legal Consequences: Teenagers are minors. Therefore a nude or semi-nude picture of a minor (under the age of 18 years) is classified as CHILD PONROGRAPHY.[1]

 There are Three Categories of Child Pornorgraphy Charges

  1.  Solicitation – The act of asking for a nude or semi-nude picture of a   minor
  2.  Distribution—The action of sending a nude or semi-nude picture of a minor
  3.  Possession—The act of receiving a nude or semi-nude picture of a minor OR possessing nude or semi-nude pictures of himself/herself on an electronic device.

Regardless of a minor’s intentions when sending, receiving or possessing   nude or semi-nude pictures, any of the above acts can result in criminal charges

CRIMINAL CONVICTIONS OF CHILD PORNAGRAPHY CHARGES MAY LEAD TO REGISTERING AS A SEX OFFENDER.

Each state treats sexting differently as it relates to minors.  It is currently up to the prosecuting attorney’s office in each state to determine whether or not to press charges and what those charges should be.

Some, but not all, states with sexting laws are allowing affirmative defense measures for teens who receive a picture from another teenager and immediately turn it in to the proper authorities.

 

Psychological Consequences: Teens who engage in sexting behaviors are likely to experience regret from violating their moral conscience, or at the very least—their primary conscience. This most often leads to depression, anxiety, loss of self-worth and loss of confidence or a combination of any of these.  [2]

Social Consequences: Teens who sext can experience a broad range of social fallout. Once a picture has been shared or leaked, it can often lead to bullying, harassment, and humiliation, which, can escalate psychological duress, and in extreme cases lead to self-harm and even suicide. In addition to this, depending on state laws, sending and/or receiving sexts can lead to arrest and legal prosecution. [3]


Current Stats

 Teen Texting:

  • Current surveys reveal that teens who text send up to 50 or more texts per day, or 1500 texts per month.
  • Teen girls are more likely to use text messaging to socialize or talk about personal matters than teen boys.
  • The majority of teens who text have UNLIMITED, UNFILTERED and UNMONITORED texting privileges.[4]

Percent of teens who have sent or posted nude or semi-nude photos or videos of themselves:

        20% of teens overall
           22% of teen girls
     18% of teen boys


         11% of young teen girls between the ages 13-16

 

Percent of teens that sent sexually suggestive messages via text, email or instant messaging:

         39% of all teens
       37% of teen girls
     40% of teen boys


          48% of teens say they have received such messages

 

Other Statistics:  (Take a deep breath and let these numbers sink in)

Approx 3 in 4 of teen girls and 2 in 3 teen boys who have sent or posted sexually suggestive content say they have sent/posted this content to a boyfriend/girlfriend.


1 in 5 teen girls and 1 inf 3 teen boys say they have sent such content to someone they wanted to date or hook up with.


15% of teens who have sent or posted nude/semi-nude images of themselves say they have done so to someone they only knew online.


75% of teens say sending sexually suggestive content “can have serious negative consequences.


39% of teens have sent or posted sexually suggestive emails or text messages


44% of both teen girls and teen boys say it is common for sexually suggestive text messages to get shared with people other than the intended recipient.


36% of teen girls and 39% of teen boys say it is common for nude or semi-nude photos to get shared with people other than the intended recipient.


38% of teen girls and 39% of teen boys say they have had sexually suggestive text messages or emails —originally meant for someone else—shared with them.


25% of teen girls and 33% of teen boys say they have had nude or semi-nude images—originally meant for someone else—shared with them.


22% of teens say they are personally more forward and aggressive using sexually suggestive words and images than they are in “real life.”


38% of teens say exchanging sexually suggestive content makes dating or hooking up with others more likely.


29% of teens believe those exchanging sexually suggestive content are “expected” to date or hook up.


51% of teen girls say pressure from a guy is a reason girls send sexy messages or images; only 18% of teen boys cited pressure from female counterparts as a reason.


23% of teen girls and 24% of teen boys say they were pressured by friends to send or post sexual content.


66% of teen girls and 60% of teen boys say they did so to be “fun or flirtatious”— their most common reason for sending sexy content.


52% of teen girls did so as a “sexy present” for their boyfriend.


44% of both teen girls and teen boys say they sent sexually suggestive messages or images in response to such content they received.

40% of teen girls said they sent sexually suggestive messages or images as “a joke.”

15% of teens ages 12-17 with cell or smart phones say they have received sexually suggestive nude or nearly nude images of someone they know via text messaging on their cell phone.


1 in 5 teens have engaged in sexting – sending, receiving, or forwarding sexually suggestive nude or nearly nude photos through text message or email – and over a third know of a friend who has sent or received these kinds of messages. – Most sext senders say these messages are most commonly sent to boyfriends/girlfriends because it’s asked of them or to have fun.


 1 in 10 sext senders say they have sent these messages to people they don’t even know.


About 2 in 5 teens say they tell their parents very little or nothing about what they do and where they go online. [5]

Social Media Stats

A new nationally representative survey of American teenagers age 13-17 finds that teens have shifted their favored social media platforms and are now most likely to use Instagram and Snapchat. The study by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research also found that while almost all teens – 91 percent – use the regular text messaging tool on their mobile phones, 40 percent of teens also use messaging applications like Kik, WhatsApp, or Line on a smartphone.

Key survey findings include:

  • 76 percent of American teens age 13-17 use Instagram.
  • 75 percent of teens use Snapchat.
  • 66 percent of teens use Facebook, essentially flat from 2015, when Pew Research Center data showed 71 percent of U.S. teens using the site.
  • 47 percent of teens use Twitter.
  • Fewer than 30 percent of American teens use Tumblr, Twitch, or LinkedIn.[6]

So what is a parent to do?

Check out our latest parent tip sheet pdf on the Resolutions Counseling resource page.  Resolutions Counseling Inc., We are Here to Help.


[1] Goodson, M.C. ESQ. Texting, Sexting , Technology and Teens. Workshop Presentation – American Association of Christian Counselors “This is Real” Conference, Lynchburg, VA May 2017.

[2] IBID

[3] IBID

[4] Judge, Abigail, M. Ph.D., “Sexting” among U.S. Adolescents: Psychological and Legal Perspectives, 20(2) Harvard Review of Psychiatry 86-96 (2012)

[5] Guard Child Survey Report (2017). Teenage Sexting Statistics – Compilation of research data provided by The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, The Pew Internet & American Life Project and the Cox Communications Teen Online & Wireless Safety Survey.   https://www.guardchild.com/teenage-sexting-statistics/

[6] NORC at the University of Chicago. (2017, April 21). New survey: Snapchat and Instagram are most popular social media platforms among American teens: ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 10, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170421113306.htm